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The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with the lowest numbers being the most acidic, the highest numbers being the most basic or alkaline, and 7 being neutral. Digestion continues into the jejunum and ileum of the small intestine. Freeze dried dog food, on the other hand, is created by freeze drying which removes the moisture while keeping the food’s structure intact, leaving you with raw dog food that is (for the most part) made with quality ingredients, meats, fats, and carbs and is completely dehydrated to improve shelf life without the use … Consistently buying raw meat and vegetables is simply not an option for many people because of how expensive it would be, but dry food is a more affordable … In the wild its catch as catch can but its mostly high quality wild prey. Kibble (or the starch it contains) will increase the pH of the stomach.. Of course feeding all raw is ideal, but that isn’t possible for many owners. Just like with dry food, there are also drawbacks to feeding your pet raw food. This information however did leak out because virtually all pig food manufacturers add an extra enzyme ingredient to disarm the anti-nutrient properties of legumes. Salt should be limited in your dog’s diet. Bella & Duke raw dog food is free from grains, fillers and nasty preservatives. Also, make sure to keep up with hygiene when feeding your pet raw meat. So, as you can see, gastric pH is definitely not constant. Employ our Raw Dry as a power-packed upgrade for your pooch. Dry dog food is by far the most commonly bought food, at least for now, and there are many reasons for it. The majority of the fruit will be digested in the small intestine but the meat will still be sufficiently digested in both the stomach and small intestine. In fact, just thinking about food can begin the first phase of digestion. 1 small apple, cored. One of a series of 13 feeding articles. There is also a chance that your dog will get some nasty bacteria from eating raw meat and could get sick. These living enzymes help with the digestion process, and also reduce stress on the pancreas that is forced to produce … There are many arguments on both sides of the debate. We will only add an ingredient to our food if it adds to the nutritional value of the meal. Now, this isn’t to suggest that you shouldn’t trust certain brands. The majority of the current studies don’t necessarily focus on optimal canine digestion, but rather use the dog as a model to research pharmacokinetics and how gastric pH can affect the metabolism of certain drugs. This is what isn’t true, and why I broke down the process of digestion in the stomach with an emphasis on gastric pH. Raw food takes more work and preparation but with the right planning is the healthier option in the long run. So the argument is not about transit times for different foods, it’s about the efficiency of digestion in the stomach when there is food present and the efficient triggering of the rest of the digestive cascade as the acid chyme leaves the stomach. These days you see a lot of debate, online and in person, about what you should feed your dogs. Additionally, there is a slight risk of the bones fracturing and damaging your dog’s stomach. Basically, owners who feed raw food to dogs want to replicate what wolves eat in the wild, which is the domestic dog's ancestor. Great article but I think you have missed some very important points. Grains today contain very high levels of problem chemicals such as glutenins, gliadins and phytates. That’s what led to his discovery of what we call classical conditioning: a conditioned, but non-learned response to a stimuli. G-cells also release gastrin in response to certain foods – including peptides, amino acides, calcium, and for people certain elements in coffee, wine and beer ! Raw diets have been shown to promote healthier gut flora than dry food, improving digestion and overall health. Gastric pH is a very important component of digestion. The environment in the stomach has to be welcoming to beneficial bacteria that help the body break down food, but also prevent pathogenic bacteria from surviving and causing infections. Our wonderful admin Danielle Steenkamp, DVM helped us point out the flaws in logic of the digestion rate idea in her experiment/case study a couple years ago. Im sure it’s not easy on the dogs system to rehydrate the food for digestion and then processing copeous amounts of water as a byproduct(renal wise). This makes evolutionary sense. I am so grateful and excited to receive your articles!!! Efficiency of digestion is best on a completely raw diet, of course, I’m not arguing that. Kibble Changes Gut pH. What we can do is make observations of a dog’s digestive system and consider the evidence. Ever heard of Pavlov‘s dogs? There’s nothing wrong with eating most things occasionally, its the the continuous year in year out feeding that accumulates the harm caused by the evolved pesticides that many foods contain. Fruits and veggies, excluding any that are toxic to dogs, Dr. Morgan says. Raw diets, (also known as the BARF diet, an acronym that stands for Bones And Raw Food) are an alternative to dry dog food.They consist of various raw meats, bones, vegetables, and supplements. The foods with the least ability to stimulate acidity had the most carbohydrate content: fruit, bread, cereals, green peas, oatmeal and potatoes. Before your dog even swallows a bite of food, the sight, smell, and even just the thought of food triggers the cephalic phase of digestion. They say that the hard surface of the food is perfect for removing plaque from your dog’s teeth, giving them free teeth cleaning every time they eat. I’d like to know if I’ve been propagating a myth: that fruit, when fed with a meat-based meal, can mess up the appropriate timing of digestion. If you are new to raw food, read our beginners guide to raw dog food. All that said, there are enough questions here that I, while I recommend a gradual introduction of raw meat to a dry fed dog, if you want to feed dry and raw together as a long term feeding strategy, and many do, then best advice, until we know more, is that this be done in separate meals, raw in the morning, dry … But the talking point people use to claim that mixing is dangerous is that the stomach acid isn’t acidic enough to digest protein properly, or isn’t acidic enough to be an environment that isn’t friendly to pathogenic bacteria. The best diet for a dog is a fresh or raw dog food. We mostly feed raw with some premium kibble so away at tests when they get all kibble the bacteria wont be entirely specialized. Please refer to our feeding guidelines above. Raw diets have been shown to promote healthier gut flora than dry food, improving digestion and overall health. Turns out, salivating isn’t the only thing that happens when dogs anticipate food. Food upsets the balance, Food automatically raises the pH in the surrounding fundus and body, kicking gastrin-HCL secretion in to higher gear, as stated in your article. Well, it turns out that the experts also disagree on which diet is most appropriate for your canine companion. Approximately a third of all gastric acid and pancreatic secretion occurs during this cephalic phase, which can last more than 4 hours in dogs [source]. “The foods with the highest secretory equivalent values belonged in the meat, fish, and dairy products categories.” The regulations that are in place are typically ignored. Gastric acid is secreted during the cephalic phase and 2. There is a pervasive air of purism and elitism amongst some (if not many) circles of raw feeders, and it can become easy for them to forget just how many owners simply do not have the means to feed a completely raw diet, despite their best effort. First of all, it’s the cheapest way to feed your dog. The best dog food according to experts includes wet, dry and grain-free dog food brands like Rachel Ray, Instinct, Orijen, The Farmer's Dog… Ingredients. So, feeding mixed is the next best thing. Your dog can be healthy with dry kibble or raw food, as long as you make sure that they’re getting all the nutrients that they need. Always be sure to wash your hands after petting a dog that has recently eaten raw meat. Organ meats such as livers and kidneys. However, what limited research we do have available demonstrates that dogs fed dry food still have highly acidic gastric pH: approximately 2 on average [sources: 1, 2, 3]. A raw dog food diet is designed to mimic a dog’s natural ancestral menu. Feeding kibble alone is not ideal for overall digestive health. A small change can have a big impact. Never give your dog cooked bones. See the complete list. There have been no studies done comparing the gastric pH of raw fed dogs and kibble fed dogs that I am currently aware of (as of January 2018). Gastric pouches from dogs were isolated and used in studies quite frequently so we do have some amazing science available to understand the function of a dog’s stomach. There are very few regulations on the companies that produce dog food. It is very likely that the average gastric pH does differ slightly between kibble and raw fed dogs. … But since this article is primarily about gastric pH, not intestinal, our adventure through the digestive system doesn’t need to go any further. The cow counter measure is highly evolved, three fermentation stomachs which effectively destroy the natural pesticides. Raw diets consist of organ & muscle meats, bones, and other animal parts. The goal of feeding a raw food diet to dogs is to introduce all-natural homemade foods in place of kibble or canned dog food. A meal of mostly carbohydrates might inhibit the gastric acid production, but the more protein (raw meat in this case) is added to the meal, the more gastric acid will be produced. On the other hand, there are also many benefits to feeding your dog raw food. Most of the popular brands of dry food have added nutrients that dogs need to be happy and healthy. The high protein content of the rest of the meal will trigger more gastric acid to be produced because the presence of peptide chains and amino acids stimulates further gastric acid production. The finer details regarding canine nutrition appear to be a closely guarded secret to the point that almost all the no-grain kibble manufacturers were unaware of the anti-nutrient properties of legumes. There are many differences in the digestion of fresh, raw food versus dry, extruded food. Salt: Limit. Gastric pH is one factor in that adjustment. There are some drawbacks to dry dog food. Most seeds and nuts don’t want to be eaten on a regular basis, that is not why they evolved. Only in the advanced West do we humans not ferment many things before they eat them. Gastrin’s job is to trigger the production of even more gastric acid, further acidifying the stomach. Feed your dog three-quarters raw food with one-quarter dry kibble for seven days, than slowly introduce more dry food by removing another quarter of raw food from the mix and replacing it with dry food. You can’t just take raw meat on a long trip with your dog, but good quality kibble can travel with absolutely no issue. One huge factor I’ve seen as a difference between raw and kibble is water consumption. Thanks for an excellent post. 1/2 cup baby spinach. There has been no research specifically investigating how mixing raw and kibble affects the gastric pH in a dog. Raw dog food feeders can be quite evangelical about the many pros of feeding a raw … Pepsin functions effectively between a pH of approximately 1.5 to 4.5, but is most active around a pH of 2 [source] to 3.5 [source]. The pH of the stomach then dictates what happens next – as long as the pH stays above 3, gastrin will continue to stimulate parietal cells to pump acid. About Raw Diets. Vegetables like broccoli, spinach, and celery. Amylase in a dog is not present in the saliva like it is in humans, and it also isn’t active in acidic environments, so the bulk of carbohydrate digestion also takes place in the small intestine. Reducing acid means less pepsinogen, less pepsin, less secretin, less CCK, less pancreatic enzymes, and less bile. Quite the opposite: higher protein could translate to more effective digestion. Recognising which foods trigger gastrin release goes a long way to improving the digestive process for our pets. I can only see one study cited in the article from the 1960’s. There are a handful of different enzymes and hormones that assist in digestion, and many of them are either produced in the stomach, or their production is influenced by the environment of the stomach. There are two main reasons why owners are discouraged against adding raw foods into the diet while still feeding kibble: digestion rates and gastric pH. The pH within the stomach also influences what happens outside of the stomach. First of all, it’s the cheapest way to feed your dog. Maybe you need to run a course with me one day??? Thus, if you add raw to kibble, you are promoting a healthier digestive system as opposed to feeding just kibble alone. Since gastric acid has already been secreted before, during, and after the ingestion of food, the stomach is sufficiently acidic enough for pepsin’s maximal activity. Gastrin also controls the muscular actions of the stomach, gastrin reduces stomach motility, which slows gastric emptying which helps the stomach hold and process a large meal. With dry food, it’s a one-stop shop. The stomach also has to be an enzyme-friendly environment. Can you mix raw and dry dog food? This is possibly why grain-free kibbles have grown in popularity. In the absence of food the resting pH in the stomach is around 1-3. If the meal requires higher acidity, more gastric acid will be produced, and vice versa. One of the primary reasons people consider a mix of dry and raw is to enjoy the huge benefits of Raw Feeding, but because dry kibble is so cheap, going 100% raw can be expensive, particularly for big large or multi-dog homes. I’d love to hear your thoughts on this. This is why a gradual transition is recommended whenever you switch from one diet to another. What this means is that the significance of this difference in gastric pH between raw and kibble fed dogs has been highly exaggerated in order to fit some raw feeders’ “all or nothing” agendas. Hill’s Bioactive Recipe Fit + Radiant. There are two main reasons why owners are discouraged against adding raw foods into the diet while still feeding kibble: digestion rates and gastric pH. Taste of the Wild Southwest Canyon Grain-Free Dry Dog Food. Dogs are carnivores and as such evolved to eat meat in the wild. Pavlov observed that his dogs began to salivate when his lab assistant walked into the room, even if they hadn’t brought food with them, and hypothesized that the dogs associated the lab assistant with being fed. One of the studies is here – with an interpretation below – Ultimately, the decision lies with you. In the end, there are benefits to both types of food and the best one for you depends on the priorities that you have for your pet. What we do know based on current research is that dogs fed dry food have highly acidic gastric pH values, and that a dog’s digestive system is well equipped with a complex network of hormones and enzymes that regulate the production of gastric acid. Raw diets can be more expensive, labor intensive, time consuming, and require more resources (like prep and freezer/fridge space, accessibility to co-ops or butchers, etc) than feeding kibble. Gastrin has many functions – also stimulating acid release indirectly by signalling ECL cells to secrete histamine. After the meal has been digested, the gastric pH will become less acidic, because it isn’t necessary to sustain a highly acidic environment within the stomach unless gastric juices are needed for digestion; and if the stomach remains too acidic, ulcers could develop. Unfortunately, due to the invasive nature of measuring an animal’s gastric pH, there are a limited number of studies measuring the gastric pH of dogs. (I am however very grateful that these days these types of studies would not be allowed for ethical reasons) These studies allow us to consider which foods are best at triggering efficient digestion in our dogs. The bottom line is this: at this point in time, there has been no research specifically comparing the gastric pH of raw fed dogs and kibble fed dogs. Simply meat, bone, select veg & berries and healthy fats. A great reference for people interested in this topic is a book called – “Why Stomach Acid is Good for You” Jonathan V Wright M.D. Why won’t Clean Label Project listen to concerned pet owners? Incidentally the selective breeding of increasing pest resistant crops actually works because it increases the levels of natural pesticides the plants produce. 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